Makrana marble is a type of white marble of high quality, popular for use in sculpture and building decor. It is mined in the town of Makrana in Rajasthan, India, and was used in the construction of several iconic monuments such as the Taj Mahal in Agra and the Victoria Memorial in Kolkata.
In the Makrana area, marble is found as five steeply-dipping bands. They form part of the Ajmer Formation of the Delhi Supergroup, which is a sequence of sedimentary rocks that was deposited in the Delhi Basin during the Proterozoic. About 1450 Ma (million years ago) these rocks were affected by the Delhi Orogeny, causing the metamorphism that transformed the original limestones to marble and the folding that caused the steep dip and the current outcrop pattern.
Makrana is regarded as the oldest place in India with a marble quarry. Upon mining, Makrana marble is not subjected to any form of treatment, but used in cutting and chiseling straight away.Makrana marble is one of the two calcitic marble varieties in India, with all others being dolomitic. It has two varieties: white and albeta. The quantity of marble reserves in the region is estimated to be 55 million tonnes by the state government. About 120 thousand tonnes of the marble are produced annually from over 400 mines in the region.
Makrana marble has high percentage of calcium and is therefore resistant to water seepage. The water absorption of Makrana marble is said to be the lowest among all types in India, and the marble is claimed to contain 98 percent of calcium carbonate and only two percent of impurities. The different shades of Makrana marble are pure white, white with grey shades and white with pink shades, depending on the level of impurities. The close interlocking property of the marble makes it strong, hard and translucent. It is said to retain its shine and white color for a long period of time.
Notable monuments and buildings
Prominent buildings/monuments that used Makrana marble in their construction are:
Taj Mahal, Agra, India
Victoria Memorial, Kolkata, India – Makrana marble was chosen over various other European types in the construction of the Victoria Memorial, after several tests concluded Makrana marble to be superior. Sir Thomas Henry Holland, a British geologist, was given credit for recommending the use of Makrana marble in the construction of Victoria Memorial.
Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Moti Masjid, Lahore, Pakistan
Dukhnivaran Sahib Gurdwara, Ludhiana, India
Use and export
Marble from Makrana is exported overseas mainly to the Gulf countries, the European Union, Southeast Asia, Canada, Pakistan and Russia.In India, it is mainly used for handicraft and sculpture work, apart from construction of buildings. Makrana marble was given the geographical indication status in 2015 by the Geographical Indication Registry, Chennai.
About The Tajmahal
Tajmahal is such an awesome sample of stone art. It was built by Great Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan, got married to Mumtaj Mahal. Tajmahal built in loving memory of his wife. Afrox 20,000 workers worked for 22 years to build it. Construction period of tajmahal is 1631 A.D. to 1653 A.D.
White crystalline marble, Gemstones, sandstone are the main stone, which has been used in Tajmahal.
Makrana Marble which was used in Tajmahal , was brought from Makrana, Rajasthan (India.)
Makrana is ultimate old and best quality of marble. It is best marble variety for floors and walls. It gives natural and visual appeal to the area. Makrana village is great source of natural makrana marble. It consists of very high amount of calcium carbonate CaCO3 (90-98%). Makrana marble is not chemical treated hence doesn’t change color.
Marble is Available in vast variety and colors. Resistance to water and weather, Resistance to alkyl and acids, Easy to cut, Easy to carve and Excellent building material. Hence Makrana Marble was used in Tajmahal as building material.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed by carbonate, calcite and dolomite minerals. Marble forms by heat and pressure in earth crust. Marble is most popular stone. Widely used for building, monuments, and sculptures. Pure white marble is most valued. It occurs from polymorphism of limestone.
BHANDARI MARBLE GROUP
headquartered at Kishangarh in the State of Rajasthan, India, is a large scale set up engaged in Business of natural stone, processing and selling. BHANDARI MARBLE GROUP is having world class manufacturing facilities. Since last forty six years the company also exporting varieties of Marble Blocks to all over and after processing the same at BHANDARI MARBLE GROUP processing house selling in the World marble stone and Granite market. That’s why BHANDARI MARBLE GROUP FAMOUS For The pioneer company of marble granite and Natural stone.
Bhandari Marble Company
The pioneer company of marble granite and Natural stone.
Kishangarh, Rajasthan, India.